top of page

Resources/Works Cited

Alashram, A. R., Annino, G., & Mercuri, N. B. (2019). Task-oriented Motor Learning in Upper Extremity Rehabilitation Post Stroke. Journal of Stroke Medicine, 2(2), 95–104. https://doi.org/10.1177/2516608519864760 

 

Askim, T., Indredavik, B., Vangberg, T., & Håberg, A. (2008). Motor Network Changes Associated With Successful Motor Skill Relearning After Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Longitudinal Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 23(3), 295–304. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968308322840 

 

Berg, K. (1989). Measuring balance in the elderly: preliminary development of an instrument. Physiotherapy Canada, 41(6), 304–311. https://doi.org/10.3138/ptc.41.6.304 

 

Beyaert, C., Vasa, R., & Frykberg, G. (2015). Gait post-stroke: Pathophysiology and rehabilitation strategies. Neurophysiologie Clinique/Clinical Neurophysiology, 45(4–5), 335–355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neucli.2015.09.005

 

Bower, K. J., Clark, R. A., McGinley, J. L., Martin, C. L., & Miller, K. J. (2014). Clinical feasibility of the Nintendo WiiTM for balance training post-stroke: a phase II randomized controlled trial in an inpatient setting. Clinical Rehabilitation, 28(9), 912–923. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215514527597 

 

Blobaum, P. (2006). Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro). Journal of the Medical Library Association, 94(4), 477-478. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1629414/ 

 

Cadore, E. L., Rodríguez-Mañas, L., Sinclair, A., & Izquierdo, M. (2013). Effects of Different Exercise Interventions on Risk of Falls, Gait Ability, and Balance in Physically Frail Older Adults: A Systematic Review. Rejuvenation Research, 16(2), 105–114. https://doi.org/10.1089/rej.2012.1397 

 

Cakit, B. D., Saracoglu, M., Genc, H., Erdem, H. R., & Inan, L. (2007). The effects of incremental speed-dependent treadmill training on postural instability and fear of falling in Parkinson’s disease. Clinical Rehabilitation, 21(8), 698–705. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215507077269 

 

Canning, C. G., Sherrington, C., Lord, S. R., Close, J. C. T., Heritier, S., Heller, G. Z., Howard, K., Allen, N. E., Latt, M. D., Murray, S. M., O’Rourke, S. D., Paul, S. S., Song, J., & Fung, V. S. C. (2014). Exercise for falls prevention in Parkinson disease: A randomized controlled trial. Neurology, 84(3), 304–312. https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0000000000001155 

 

Cherup, N. P., Buskard, A. N., Strand, K. L., Roberson, K. B., Michiels, E. R., Kuhn, J. E., Lopez, F. A., & Signorile, J. F. (2019). Power vs strength training to improve muscular strength, power, balance and functional movement in individuals diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease. Experimental Gerontology, 128, 110740. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2019.110740 

 

Chien, J. E., & Hsu, W. L. (2018). Effects of Dynamic Perturbation-Based Training on Balance Control of Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Scientific Reports, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-35644-5 

 

Chung, C. L. H., Thilarajah, S., & Tan, D. (2015). Effectiveness of resistance training on muscle strength and physical function in people with Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Rehabilitation, 30(1), 11–23. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215515570381

 

Conradsson, D., Löfgren, N., Nero, H., Hagströmer, M., Ståhle, A., Lökk, J., & Franzén, E. (2015). The Effects of Highly Challenging Balance Training in Elderly With Parkinson’s Disease. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 29(9), 827–836. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968314567150 

 

Dibble, L. E., Addison, O., & Papa, E. (2009). The effects of exercise on balance in persons with Parkinson’s disease: A systematic review across the disability spectrum. Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy, 33(1), 14-26. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NPT.0b013e3181990fcc 

 

Duchesne, C., Gheysen, F., Bore, A., Albouy, G., Nadeau, A., Robillard, M., Bobeuf, F., Lafontaine, A., Lungu, O., Bherer, L., & Doyon, J. (2016). Influence of aerobic exercise training on the neural correlates of motor learning in Parkinson’s disease individuals. NeuroImage: Clinical, 12, 559–569. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2016.09.011 

 

Enchelmayer, K. B., Hamby, E. F., & Martindale, C. (2001). The impact of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 on the physical therapy profession. Health Care Management, 19(3), 58-69. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/healthcaremanagerjournal/Abstract/2001/19030/The_Impact_of_the_Balanced_ Budget _ Act _of_1997_on.9.aspx 

 

Gerards, M. H., McCrum, C., Mansfield, A., & Meijer, K. (2017). Perturbation-based balance training for falls reduction among older adults: Current evidence and implications for clinical practice. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 17(12), 2294–2303. https://doi.org/10.1111/ggi.13082 

 

Gillespie, L. D., Robertson, M. C., Gillespie, W. J., Lamb, S. E., Gates, S., Cumming, R. G., & Rowe, B. H. (2009). Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community. Cochrane Database System Review, 15. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD007146.pub2 

 

Goh, S. L., Persson, M. S. M., Stocks, J., Hou, Y., Welton, N. J., Lin, J., Hall, M. C., Doherty, M., & Zhang, W. (2019). Relative Efficacy of Different Exercises for Pain, Function, Performance and Quality of Life in Knee and Hip Osteoarthritis: Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine, 49(5), 743–761. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01082-0 

 

Goodwin, V. A., Richards, S. H., Taylor, R. S., Taylor, A. H., & Campbell, J. L. (2008). The effectiveness of exercise interventions for people with Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Movement Disorders, 23(5), 631-640. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mds.21922 

 

Hackney, M. E., & Earhart, G. M. (2008). Tai Chi improves balance and mobility in people with Parkinson disease. Gait & Posture, 28(3), 456–460. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2008.02.005 

 

Hadjistavropoulos, T., Delbaere, K., & Fitzgerald, T. D. (2010). Reconceptualizing the Role of Fear of Falling and Balance Confidence in Fall Risk. Journal of Aging and Health, 23(1), 3–23. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264310378039 

 

Halvarsson, A., Olsson, E., Farén, E., Pettersson, A., & Ståhle, A. (2011). Effects of new, individually adjusted, progressive balance group training for elderly people with fear of falling and tend to fall: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 25(11), 1021–1031. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215511411937 

 

Halvarsson, A., Franzén, E., Farén, E., Olsson, E., Oddsson, L., & Ståhle, A. (2012). Long-term effects of new progressive group balance training for elderly people with increased risk of falling – a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 27(5), 450–458. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215512462908 

 

Halvarsson, A., Franzen, E., & Stahle, A. (2015). Balance training with multi-task exercise improves fall-related self efficacy, gait, balance performance and physical function in older adults with osteoporosis: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 29(4), 365-375. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.117/0269215514544983 

 

Hausdorff, J. M., Rios, D. A., & Edelberg, H. K. (2001). Gait variability and fall risk in community-living older adults: A 1-year prospective study. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 82(8), 1050–1056. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/apmr.2001.24893 

 

Handelzalts, S., Steinberg-Henn, F., Levy, S., Shani, G., Soroker, N., & Melzer, I. (2019). Insufficient Balance Recovery Following Unannounced External Perturbations in Persons With Stroke. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 33(9), 730–739. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968319862565 

 

Hardwick, R. M., Rajan, V. A., Bastian, A. J., Krakauer, J. W., & Celnik, P. A. (2016). Motor Learning in Stroke. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 31(2), 178–189. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968316675432 

 

Holtzer, R., Epstein, N., Mahoney, J. R., Izzetoglu, M., & Blumen, H. M. (2014). Neuroimaging of Mobility in Aging: A Targeted Review. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 69(11), 1375–1388. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glu052 

 

Horak, F. B., Wrisley, D. M., & Frank, J. (2009). The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) to differentiate balance deficits. Physical Therapy, 89(5), 484–498. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20080071 

 

Horlings, C. G., van Engelen, B. G., Allum, J. H., & Bloem, B. R. (2008). A weak balance: the contribution of muscle weakness to postural instability and falls. Nature Clinical Practice Neurology, 4(9), 504–515. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncpneuro0886 

 

Howe, T. E., Rochester, L., Neil, F., Skelton, D. A., & Ballinger, C. (2011). Exercise for improving balance in older people (Review). The Cochrane Collaboration. 

Humulin. (2015). Retrieved April, 2015, from www.rxlist.com 

The immediate influence of implicit motor learning strategies on spatiotemporal gait parameters in stroke patients: a randomized within-subjects design. (2019). Gait & Posture, 73, 575–576. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2019.07.148 

 

Integration of balance and strength training into daily life activity to reduce rate of falls in older people (the LiFE study): randomised parallel trial. (2012). BMJ, 345(aug15 2), e5528. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.e5528 

 

Jessop, R. T., Horowicz, C., & Dibble, L. E. (2006). Motor Learning and Parkinson Disease: Refinement of Movement Velocity and Endpoint Excursion in a Limits of Stability Balance Task. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 20(4), 459–467. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968306287107 

 

Jewell, D. V. (2011). Guide to evidence-based physical therapist practice (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning. Jonsdottir, J., Cattaneo, D., Recalcati, M., Regola, A., Rabuffetti, M., Ferrarin, M., & Casiraghi, A. (2010). Task-Oriented Biofeedback to Improve Gait in Individuals With Chronic Stroke: Motor Learning Approach. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 24(5), 478–485. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968309355986 

 

Joshua, A. M. (2014). Effectiveness of Progressive Resistance Strength Training Versus Traditional Balance Exercise in Improving Balance Among the Elderly - A Randomised Controlled Trial. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND DIAGNOSTIC RESEARCH. https://doi.org/10.7860/jcdr/2014/8217.4119

 

de Kam, D., Roelofs, J. M. B., Bruijnes, A. K. B. D., Geurts, A. C. H., & Weerdesteyn, V. (2017). The Next Step in Understanding Impaired Reactive Balance Control in People With Stroke: The Role of Defective Early Automatic Postural Responses. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 31(8), 708–716. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968317718267 

 

Latham, N., & Liu, C. J. (2010). Strength Training in Older Adults: The Benefits for Osteoarthritis. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 26(3), 445–459. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cger.2010.03.006 

 

Lesinski, M., Hortobágyi, T., Muehlbauer, T., Gollhofer, A., & Granacher, U. (2015). Effects of Balance Training on Balance Performance in Healthy Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 45(12), 1721–1738. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0375-y 

 

Leddy, A. L., Crowner, B. E., & Earhart, G. M. (2011). Functional gait assessment and Balance Evaluation System Test: Reliability, validity, sensitivity, and specificity for identifying individuals with Parkinson disease who fall. Physical Therapy, 91(1), 102-113. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20100113 

 

Liphart, J., Gallichio, J., Tilson, J. K., Pei, Q., Wu, S. S., & Duncan, P. W. (2015). Concordance and discordance between measured and perceived balance and the effect on gait speed and falls following stroke. Clinical Rehabilitation, 30(3), 294–302. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215515578294 

 

Li, Z., Han, X. G., Sheng, J., & Ma, S. J. (2015). Virtual reality for improving balance in patients after stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Rehabilitation, 30(5), 432–440. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215515593611 

 

Liu, J., & Kim, S. (2012). Effect of walking surface perturbation training on slip propensity and local dynamic stability. Work, 41, 3352–3354. https://doi.org/10.3233/wor-2012-0605-3352 

 

Liu, H. H., Yeh, N. C., Wu, Y. F., Yang, Y. R., Wang, R. Y., & Cheng, F. Y. (2019). Effects of Tai Chi Exercise on Reducing Falls and Improving Balance Performance in Parkinson’s Disease: A Meta-Analysis. Parkinson’s Disease, 2019, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/9626934

 

Lurie, J. D., Zagaria, A. B., Pidgeon, D. M., Forman, J. L., & Spratt, K. F. (2013). Pilot comparative effectiveness study of surface perturbation treadmill training to prevent falls in older adults. BMC Geriatrics, 13, 1-11. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2318-13-49 

 

Maki, B. E., Sibley, K. M., Jaglal, S. B., Bayley, M., Brooks, D., Fernie, G. R., Flint, A. J., Gage, W., Liu, B. A., McIlroy, W. E., Mihailidis, A., Perry, S. D., Popovic, M. R., Pratt, J., & Zettel, J. L. (2011). Reducing fall risk by improving balance control: Development, evaluation and knowledge-translation of new approaches. Journal of Safety Research, 42(6), 473–485. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2011.02.002 

 

McCrum, C., Gerards, M. H. G., Karamanidis, K., Zijlstra, W., & Meijer, K. (2017). A systematic review of gait perturbation paradigms for improving reactive stepping responses and falls risk among healthy older adults. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s11556-017-0173-7 

 

Mirelman, A., Rochester, L., Reelick, M., Nieuwhof, F., Pelosin, E., Abbruzzese, G., Dockx, K., Nieuwboer, A., & Hausdorff, J. M. (2013). V-TIME: a treadmill training program augmented by virtual reality to decrease fall risk in older adults: study design of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Neurology, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2377-13-15 

 

Mirelman, A., Maidan, I., Herman, T., Deutsch, J. E., Giladi, N., & Hausdorff, J. M. (2010). Virtual Reality for Gait Training: Can It Induce Motor Learning to Enhance Complex Walking and Reduce Fall Risk in Patients With Parkinson’s Disease? The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 66A(2), 234–240. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glq201 

 

Mirelman, A., Rochester, L., Olde Rikkert, M., Bloem, B., Giladi, N., Nieuwboer, A., & Hausdorff, J. (2017). TREADMILL TRAINING WITH VIRTUAL REALITY TO REDUCE FALLS AMONG OLDER ADULTS: RCT RESULTS. Innovation in Aging, 1(suppl_1), 1366. https://doi.org/10.1093/geroni/igx004.5026 

 

Morris, M. E., Taylor, N. F., Watts, J. J., Evans, A., Horne, M., Kempster, P., Danoudis, M., McGinley, J., Martin, C., & Menz, H. B. (2017). A home program of strength training, movement strategy training and education did not prevent falls in people with Parkinson’s disease: a randomised trial. Journal of Physiotherapy, 63(2), 94–100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphys.2017.02.015 

 

Morris, M. E., Menz, H. B., McGinley, J. L., Watts, J. J., Huxham, F. E., Murphy, A. T., Danoudis, M. E., & Iansek, R. (2015). A Randomized Controlled Trial to Reduce Falls in People With Parkinson’s Disease. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 29(8), 777–785. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968314565511 

M

uir, S. W., Berg, K., Chesworth, B., & Speechless, M. (2008). Use of the Berg Balance Scale for predicting multiple falls in community-dwelling elderly people: A prospective study. Physical Therapy, 88(4), 449-459. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10..2522// ptj.20070251 

 

Nepveu, J. F., Thiel, A., Tang, A., Fung, J., Lundbye-Jensen, J., Boyd, L. A., & Roig, M. (2017). A Single Bout of High-Intensity Interval Training Improves Motor Skill Retention in Individuals With Stroke. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 31(8), 726–735. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968317718269 

 

Noh, H. J., Lee, S. H., & Bang, D. H. (2019). Three-Dimensional Balance Training Using Visual Feedback on Balance and Walking Ability in Subacute Stroke Patients: A Single-Blinded Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 28(4), 994–1000. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2018.12.016 

 

Oddsson, L. I., Karlsson, R., Konrad, J., Ince, S., Williams, S. R., & Zemkova, E. (2007). A rehabilitation tool for functional balance using altered gravity and virtual reality. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-0003-4-25 

 

Paul, S. S., Canning, C. G., Song, J., Fung, V. S., & Sherrington, C. (2013). Leg muscle power is enhanced by training in people with Parkinson’s disease: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 28(3), 275–288. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215513507462 

 

Paul, S. S., Dibble, L. E., & Peterson, D. S. (2018). Motor learning in people with Parkinson’s disease: Implications for fall prevention across the disease spectrum. Gait & Posture, 61, 311–319. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.01.026 

 

Pirouzi, S., Motealleh, A. R., Fallahzadeh, F., & Fallahzadeh, M. A. (2014). Effectiveness of treadmill training on balance control in elderly people: A randomized controlled clinical trial. Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences, 39(6), 565-570. Retrieved from http://ijms.sums.ac.ir/index.php/IJMS/article/view/1235 

 

Pohl, M., Rockstroh, G., Ruckriem, S., Mrass, G., & Mehrholz, J. (2003). Immediate effects of speed-dependent treadmill training on gait parameters in early Parkinson’s disease. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 84, 1760-1766. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-9993(03)00433-7 

 

Pollock, C., Eng, J., & Garland, S. (2011). Clinical measurement of walking balance in people post stroke: a systematic review. Clinical Rehabilitation, 25(8), 693–708. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215510397394 

 

Ramazzina, I., Bernazzoli, B., & Costantino, C. (2017). Systematic review on strength training in Parkinson’s disease: an unsolved question. Clinical Interventions in Aging, Volume 12, 619–628. https://doi.org/10.2147/cia.s131903 

 

Rochester, L., Baker, K., Hetherington, V., Jones, D., Willems, A. M., Kwakkel, G., van Wegen, E., Lim, I., & Nieuwboer, A. (2010). Evidence for motor learning in Parkinson’s disease: Acquisition, automaticity and retention of cued gait performance after training with external rhythmical cues. Brain Research, 1319, 103–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2010.01.001 

 

de Rooij, I. J., van de Port, I. G., & Meijer, J. W. G. (2016). Effect of Virtual Reality Training on Balance and Gait Ability in Patients With Stroke: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Physical Therapy, 96(12), 1905–1918. https://doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20160054 

 

Samuelsson, C. M., Hansson, P. O., & Persson, C. U. (2018). Early prediction of falls after stroke: a 12-month follow-up of 490 patients in The Fall Study of Gothenburg (FallsGOT). Clinical Rehabilitation, 33(4), 773–783. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215518819701 

 

Shen, X., & Mak, M. K. Y. (2014). Technology-Assisted Balance and Gait Training Reduces Falls in Patients With Parkinson’s Disease. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 29(2), 103–111. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968314537559 

 

Schinkel-Ivy, A., Huntley, A. H., Aqui, A., & Mansfield, A. (2019). Does Perturbation-Based Balance Training Improve Control of Reactive Stepping in Individuals with Chronic Stroke? Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 28(4), 935–943. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2018.12.011 

 

Saeys, W., Vereeck, L., Truijen, S., Lafosse, C., Wuyts, F. P., & van de Heyning, P. (2011). Randomized Controlled Trial of Truncal Exercises Early After Stroke to Improve Balance and Mobility. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 26(3), 231–238. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968311416822 

 

Sherrington, C., Michaleff, Z., Fairhall, N., Tiedemann, A., Whitney, J., Cumming, R., Close, J., & Lord, S. (2017). EXERCISE TO PREVENT FALLS IN OLDER ADULTS: AN UPDATED SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS. Innovation in Aging, 1(suppl_1), 268. https://doi.org/10.1093/geroni/igx004.982 

 

Sherrington, C., Michaleff, Z., Fairhall, N., Tiedemann, A., Whitney, J., Cumming, R., Close, J., & Lord, S. (2017b). EXERCISE TO PREVENT FALLS IN OLDER ADULTS: AN UPDATED SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS. Innovation in Aging, 1(suppl_1), 268. https://doi.org/10.1093/geroni/igx004.982 

 

Sherrington, C., Tiedemann, A., Fairhall, N., Close, J. C., & Lord, S. R. (2011). Exercise to prevent falls in older adults: an updated meta-analysis and best practice recommendations. New South Wales Public Health Bulletin, 22(4), 78. https://doi.org/10.1071/nb10056 

 

Shimada, H., Obuchi, S., Furuna, T., & Suzuki, T. (2004). New Intervention Program for Preventing Falls Among Frail Elderly People. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 83(7), 493–499. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.phm.0000130025.54168.91 

 

Shin, S. S., & An, D. H. (2014). The effect of motor dual-task balance training on balance and gait of elderly women. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 26(3), 359-361. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1589/jpts.26.359 

 

Sinemet. (2014). Retrieved April, 2015, from www.rxlist.com 

 

Sisto, S. A., Forrest, G. F., & Glendinning, D. (2002). Virtual Reality Applications for Motor Rehabilitation After Stroke. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 8(4), 11–23. https://doi.org/10.1310/yabd-14ka-159p-mn6f 

 

Smania, N., Corato, E., Tinazzi, M., Stanzani, C., Fiaschi, A., Girardi, P., & Gandolfi, M. (2010). Effect of balance training on postural instability in patients with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 24(9), 826-834. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1545968310376057

 

Smania, N., Fonte, C., Picelli, A., Gandolfi, M., & Varalta, V. (2013). Effect of Eye Patching in Rehabilitation of Hemispatial Neglect. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00527 

 

Srivastava, A., Taly, A. B., Gupta, A., Kumar, S., & Murali, T. (2016). Bodyweight-supported treadmill training for retraining gait among chronic stroke survivors: A randomized controlled study. Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 59(4), 235–241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rehab.2016.01.014

 

Stanley, K. (2007). Statistical Primer for Cardiovascular research:Evaluation of randomized controlled trials. Circulation, 115, 1819-1822. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.618603 

 

Strait, M., & Scheutz, M. (2014). What we can and cannot (yet) do with functional near infrared spectroscopy. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2014.00117 

 

Steib, S., Klamroth, S., Gaßner, H., Pasluosta, C., Eskofier, B., Winkler, J., Klucken, J., & Pfeifer, K. (2017). Perturbation During Treadmill Training Improves Dynamic Balance and Gait in Parkinson’s Disease: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 31(8), 758–768. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968317721976 

 

Thiamwong, L., & Decker, V. B. (2020). Overcoming an Irrational Fear of Falling: A Case Study. Clinical Case Studies, 19(5), 355–369. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534650120942322 

 

Toots, A., Wiklund, R., Littbrand, H., Nordin, E., Nordström, P., Lundin-Olsson, L., Gustafson, Y., & Rosendahl, E. (2019). The Effects of Exercise on Falls in Older People With Dementia Living in Nursing Homes: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 20(7), 835–842.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2018.10.009

 

Wang, Y., Bhatt, T., Liu, X., Wang, S., Lee, A., Wang, E., & Pai, Y. C. C. (2019). Can treadmill-slip perturbation training reduce immediate risk of over-ground-slip induced fall among community-dwelling older adults? Journal of Biomechanics, 84, 58–66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.12.017 

 

Winser, S. J., Kannan, P., Bello, U. M., & Whitney, S. L. (2019). Measures of balance and falls risk prediction in people with Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review of psychometric properties. Clinical Rehabilitation, 33(12), 1949–1962. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215519877498 

 

Yang, F., Bhatt, T., & Pai, Y. C. (2013). Generalization of treadmill-slip training to prevent a fall following a sudden (novel) slip in over-ground walking. Journal of Biomechanics, 46(1), 63–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2012.10.002 

 

Yang, F., & Pai, Y. C. (2013). Alteration in community-dwelling older adults’ level walking following perturbation training. Journal of Biomechanics, 46(14), 1-10. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2013.07.025 

 

Yang, F., Cereceres, P., & Qiao, M. (2018). Treadmill-based gait-slip training with reduced training volume could still prevent slip-related falls. Gait & Posture, 66, 160–165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.08.029

 

Young, W. R., & Mark Williams, A. (2015). How fear of falling can increase fall-risk in older adults: Applying psychological theory to practical observations. Gait & Posture, 41(1), 7–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.09.006 

bottom of page